Right here is the chapter "America Calling", a future e-book written by Gregory C. Pappas, investigating and submitting an American response to the position of Greece during World Struggle II. The e-book describes the reaction of American media, entertainment, audiences and enterprise to the epic "no!" For the Italian invaders and the next Nazi occupation.
It was the "golden era" of Hollywood, when celebrities resembling Clark Gable and Carole Lombard occupied tabloid titles and films, comparable to Disney's Fantasy and Gone With the Wind, impressed the nation.
Shirley Temple, Judy Garland, Bob Hope and Bette Davis have been house names in america and beloved
And on the similar time World Warfare II raged in Europe.
Thanks to the forthcoming European headlines and the occasional publication, the People have been enthusiastic concerning the courageous and brave efforts of the Greek people who fought and pushed again the forces of Mussolini, and the Nazi Germans had lastly crossed – but without preventing –
The Superb Greeks win the primary victory of freedom. d one title in Life Magazine, while tens of millions of magazines and newspapers have praised trendy Greeks because the ancestors of traditional Thermopyla and Spartan previous warrior kin.
Because of the occupation of the Nazis and the next blockade of navy, famine and despair win Greece in both Athens and the whole countryside.
In response to the turmoil in Greece, People started nationwide efforts to provide humanitarian assistance to Greek individuals.
The Harold Vanderbilt Railway Association and Spyros Skouras, Director of the Film Business, launched the appointment of a Greek Warfare Aid Society no less than ten days after the October 1940 Italian assault on Greece to provide food and different forms of help to Greece.
American history has never had a unified and large campaign to help overseas charities as help for Greece during World Warfare II.
Nationwide work was supported by businessmen, group leaders and a huge Greek-American grassroots community led by AHEPA and the Greek Orthodox Church. Politicians, main faculty students, companies – and the movie business – also played a big position.
In Hollywood, numerous stars, celebrities, studio heads and heavy masses from the business obtained the Greek warfare aid motion, making it the most important humanitarian fundraising campaign within the historical past of the American entertainment business, including a fundraising marketing campaign with 8,000 cinemas organized by the US Movement Image Association.
Films resembling Walt Disney's Fantasia film have been held in gala premiere and opening ceremonies in cities
Giant telethons and fundraising events have been additionally held in New York, Los Angeles and across the nation, bringing together virtually all the most essential A-list Hollywood stars at the moment .
Grauman's Chinese language Theater in Los Angeles, February eight, 1941, whereas the Greek troops put emphasis on the Albanian mountain talent – an enormous radio referred to as Telethon referred to as America Calling was despatched to CBS, NBC, a variety of unbiased stations and all through Europe.
Jack Benny and Bob Hope have been ceremonies ”on the exhibition with the greatest names ever, together with The Merry Mac, Shirley Temple, Charles Laughton, Groucho Marx, and Clark Gable.
* Full Teleton Audio File, Including Dynamic Speeches The Hollywood stars for the brave and heroic efforts of the Greek individuals are out there for Patreon donors. Click here to get entry to teleton by turning into Pappas Publish's supporters
A month later, March 28, 1941, at the Radio City Music Corridor, the celebs gathered for a fuel present referred to as "Greek Freedom Festival," starring Judy Garland, Irving Berlin, Ed Sullivan, Andrews Sisters, Rockettes, Danny Kaye, and nearly each era New York
Movie Day by day, revealed by Samuel Goldwyn, thanked the film business for it that he was coming in Flying Colours during a campaign to help hundreds of girls and youngsters in Greece, whose males defend democracy and profit from our business cooperation. ” studios from over 8,000 film theaters throughout m
Adolph Zukor, founder of Paramount Footage – one of the crucial influential individuals in the movie business – additionally wrote the business's praise.
”We’ve raised $ 850,000, and this money was on the west coast, in addition to Sam Goldwyn's committee. I am convinced that our business raised $ 000 instantly to more than 1 000 Greek aid. We now have already led $ 500,000 from our Athens, the place it was used to purchase food, clothes and medical supplies that have been needed by evil ladies and youngsters. I’m proud to be a part of an business that has responded so handsomely in such a disaster. ”
According to Zukor's archives, the cash raised by the movie business according to Zukor's archives “was used to buy medicine, clothing and food for helpless women and children in that country. Much of the money was also used to evacuate over a million women and children before the Axis forces arrived. ”
” More than 8,000 theaters took part within the station, ”Zukor continued. "This was the largest number of cinemas that have always registered for our charity in our industry, and the amount collected far exceeds the same reason in our industry."
When the whole lot was stated and finished, the Greek Army Union raised $ 30 million at the moment – about $ 500 million – to present large transfers of grain, gear. , cattle and different supplies
The position of Hollywood stood out as a catalyst for "average" star-star People taking a look at their favorite publications by collaborating in fundraising knowledge, collaborating in radio teletones and giving their identify to Greek conflict liberation and ultimately leading them to donate $ 1, $ 5 – what the People might meet at the moment.
Did you know?
Olympia Dukakis, a teenage woman from Lowell, Massachusetts, introduced a debut on the stage that raised funds for Greek army action. Many years later, Dukakis gained the Oscar and became considered one of America's most beloved actors.
Walter Winchell, an era-listening radio gossip columnist, was an unlimited supporter of Greek emergency donations that donated his own money and inspired tens of millions of listeners to help Greece.
Younger Italian American singer, Frank Sinatra's first live performance at Madison Sq. Backyard on Might 18, 1943 was a front-end concert
Frank Sinatra in 1943. The singer's first live performance at Madison Sq. Garden was the Greek Emission Fund
Dozens of people working as paid staff within the "studio system" of the 1940s promised a proportion of their salary for Greek warfare release. The card under, signed by Jane Withers, one of the 1930s and 40s, exhibits her a € 150 donation that has been lowered to $ 15.
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Final modified by Hollywood Came to Greece: February 2, 2019: Gregory Pappas